The structure and essence of independent work of pupil


The structure and essence of independent work of pupil

The corporation of independent work depends largely in the outcomes of students learning and their future practical tasks. Independent work of students is an extremely broad concept, into the interpretation of which different approaches were formed, that will be as a result of differences in comprehending the essence of the trend.

Often, independent work is thought to be an independent form of training, along side:

  • a lecture,
  • a seminar,
  • practical classes, etc.

Various ways to independent work of students

At precisely the same time, its important features give consideration to compulsory classes when you look at the assigned time routine associated with the college time, work with no direct involvement associated with the instructor, but also for the required control. In accordance with other statements, separate work involves all active psychological activity of students when you look at the educational process, could be the internal basis of interaction between many types and kinds of occupation among on their own. Considering separate act as the primary approach to gaining knowledge, adherents of this approach argue it covers intellectual task, which students execute not merely in extracurricular, but additionally in lectures, seminars, individual interviews, tests, examinations, during defense of coursework, diploma papers, etc. This is certainly, separate work, relating to this vision, encompasses all types and kinds of the educational process.

In essence, separate tasks are a working mental activity of a pupil linked to the execution of an exercise task. The current presence of an activity and a target installation on its execution are thought to be characteristic signs and symptoms of separate work. The tasks that pupils have to tackle within their academic activities are those that concern them:

  • assimilation for the product associated with the subject, which can be considered during the lecture (make use of the abstract of this lecture, recommended by the educational literary works);
  • summarizing of fundamental works according to the curriculum program;
  • re solving tasks, undertaking experiments, experiments, and so forth;
  • planning of abstracts, control works, fixed shows (reports) at the concept;
  • planning needless to say, diploma, master’s works.

All these aspects of the educational procedure are separate work, because students perform them to a certain extent independently, in non-auditing time.

Phases of independent work of pupil

Separate work is an educational task associated with the student, targeted at learning and mastering the product of this subject without the direct involvement regarding the instructor.

Separate focus on the fulfillment regarding the study task encompasses three stages.

  1. Planning of this pupil when it comes to task, theoretical, emotional, organizational, methodological and logistical help of independent work.
  • The pupil’s theoretical readiness is manifested inside the intellectual readiness, that is, the capacity to apply his knowledge to the task.
  • Practical readiness could be the capability to optimally plan an unbiased work, skillfully utilize the summary of lectures, textbooks, manuals, computer, psychological operations (analysis, synthesis, comparison, generalization, classification, etc.).
  • The pupil’s psychological readiness presupposes, to start with, the existence of motives for doing a certain task. To help the duty set before the student to become the motive of his psychological, practical task, it should be recognized by him. The interior perception of this task begins with an actualization for the motive, which encourages the pupil to do the job, and, consequently, to arrange their particular separate work.
  • The prosperity of the preparatory stage depends upon the organizational, methodological, material and technical help for the pupil’s independent work (availability of literary works, methodological suggestions, artistic aids, information and computer base, etc.).
  1. Direct execution associated with the study project. This is basically the most crucial and a lot of accountable phase when you look at the pupil’s independent work. Considering that the educational task and a lot of usually does occur within the educational-cognitive kind, along the way of their implementation involved all psychological processes that offer intellectual task: sensation, perception, imagination, memory, thinking, attention, etc. The potency of the job is affected by such personal characteristics regarding the student as dedication, determination, duty, etc.
  2. Analysis associated with finished task could be the last stage of separate work. Through the analysis, the student evaluates (by self-control, often inter-control) the product quality and period of the task, the efficiency regarding the practices and tools utilized in the entire process of separate work.


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